The literacy rate of a country is an important parameter for its progress. A person who can read and write any language and able to understand is considered as a literate in India. The literacy rate in India has a gradual growth from the time of British rule in India, it was around 12%, this has now reached to 74.04% (six times greater than that time). Still, it is failed to reach the world?s average literacy rate. The literacy rate in India is uneven and changes from place to place.

According to the 2011 census, the following states of India has a higher literacy rate:

State Female literacy rate Male literacy rate Total literacy rate

Kerala 91.98% 96.02% 93.91%

Mizoram 89.40% 93.72% 91.58%

Tripura 83.15% 92.18% 87.75%

Goa 81.84% 92.81% 87.40%


Indian literacy rate has remarkable disparities in female and male literacy rate. Female literacy rate significantly lower than male literacy rate.

? Kerala is at the top with the highest literacy rate (93.91%) in India.

? Bihar got a bottom place with least literacy rate (61.80%).

Literacy Rate among the Indian States as per Census 2011:

State Female Literacy Rate (%) Male Literacy Rate (%) Total literacy rate (%)

Himachal Pradesh 83.78

90.83 83.78

Maharashtra 75.48 89.82 82.91

Sikkim 76.43 87.29 82.20

Tamil Nadu 73.86 86.81 80.33

Nagaland 76.89 83.29 80.11

Manipur 73.17 86.49 79.85

Uttarakhand 70.70 88.33 79.63

Gujarat 70.73 87.23 79.31

West Bengal 71.16 82.67 77.08

Punjab 71.34 81.48 76.68

Haryana 66.77 85.38 76.64

Karnataka 68.13 82.85 75.60

Meghalaya 73.78 77.17 75.48

Orissa 64.36 82.40 73.45

Assam 67.27 78.81 73.18

Chhattisgarh 60.59 81.45 71.04

Madhya Pradesh 60.02 80.53 70.63

Uttar Pradesh 59.26 79.24 69.72

Jammu & Kashmir 58.01 78.26 68.74

Jharkhand 56.21 78.45 67.63

Andhra Pradesh 59.74 75.56 67.40

Rajasthan 52.66 80.51 67.06

Arunachal Pradesh 59.57 73.69 66.95

Bihar 53.33 73.39 63.82


The literacy rates in Union territories are as follows:

Territory Female literacy in (%) Male literacy in (%) Total literacy rate in (%)

Lakshadweep 88.25 96.11 92.28

Daman & Diu 79.59 91.48 87.07

Puducherry 81.22 92.12 86.55

Chandigarh 81.38 90.54 86.43

Delhi 80.93 91.03 86.34

Andaman & Nicobar 81.84 90.11 86.27

Dadra &Nagar Haveli 65.93 86.46 77.65


The greater literacy rate of a region suggests the availability of effective primary education in that region. Latest studies prove that female literacy rate has notable growth. Low literacy rates were recorded especially in rural areas due to lack of schools and required facilities. Many programmes are being implemented by the government to bring this rate up. Girl child education is being supported and women are involving in all the fields to work equally with men. Sudha Murthy was the first to fuel the revolution, She was the first assembly line worker in Tata company.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: after the implementation of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan a government scheme there has been a lot of improvement in rural education. This scheme made people think and realize how important education is. After the implementation of sukanya samridhi yojna(part of beta Bachao Beti pada introduced by NDA govt), girls are financially funded for primary education and there are many plans such as these in the recent times which indicates a positive sign towards the development of India and it?s literacy rates.